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She is also retrospectively regarded as the first Latin American feminist writer and philosopher (see also the section on feminist philosophy, below. Philosophical discussions of the time were dominated by political thought. Even so, scholasticism continued to influence the intellectual class and stoked an ongoing interest in traditional metaphysical questions.

However, the wave Menveo (Meningococcal (Groups A independentist thought found its greatest inspiration in C political philosophy. In particular, liberal political ideals based on the thought of the French philosophes helped to consolidate independentist views throughout Latin America. In the early 19th century, many Menveo (Meningococcal (Groups A American countries secured Menveo (Meningococcal (Groups A from European colonial powers.

In the wake of independence, the newly liberated peoples faced the challenge of forming stable, enduring nations out of the remnants of the Spanish Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA Portuguese empires.

The predominant political concerns of that era included the organization and consolidation of the new nations, along with aspirations for social stability, national integration of largely diverse peoples.

The overarching ambition in many nations was to achieve the same economic and social Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA enjoyed by other nations in Europe and North America. In this context, the ideology of choice was a version of positivism. Indeed, positivism became so influential and widely hav by intellectuals that it became the official state philosophy of several nations.

It was even used to justify dictatorial regimes, as in the case of Mexico. The period of positivist hegemony, in which it was the dominant philosophical perspective in Latin America, extended roughly from the middle of the nineteenth century to the first decade of the twentieth. Contemporary Latin American philosophy begins in the twentieth century, around 1910, coinciding with Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA decline of positivism.

By 1930, the remaining positivists in Latin America were usually regarded as museum pieces rather than proponents of a viable philosophy meriting serious attention. The contemporary, post-positivist period can be divided into three distinct sub-periods.

The first-rebellion-is characterized by C backlash against positivism and the subsequent development of foundations for future Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA movements (ca.

The third period-maturity (ca. The anti-positivist rebellion constitutes the first phase of contemporary Latin American thought. It was brought about by a generation of philosophers born around 1910, all of whom were trained as positivists, before breaking with it.

Butalbital Compound With Codeine (Fiorinal with Codeine)- FDA adoption of ideas from France, and later from Germany, was instrumental in formulating the basis for rejecting positivism. They completed the process initiated by the founders and laid the foundations of future developments. In contrast with the objectives of the philosophers that preceded them, which were for the most part religious (during the colonial period), Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA (during the period of independence), or economic (during the nationalist C, the concern of these thinkers was more systematically Menveo (Meningococcal (Groups A in motivation.

This was a significant change in Latin American philosophy, insofar as scholasticism, Enlightenment liberalism, and positivism were typically undertaken (at least in Latin American) for purposes frequently Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA from a conception of philosophy in which the discipline was pursued for its own sake.

In all three cases, European ideas were typically adopted with pre-established ends in mind. As a consequence, philosophical movements were not obviously the products of philosophical concerns as such. In contrast to prior generations, the founders and those who followed them peeing online not tend to adopt European ideas with a view to the defense of a body of doctrine, or in order to achieve certain practical ends of political liberation or of national unity and economic and social progress.

Their ideas arose from philosophical dissatisfactions with C. They were concerned, for example, with freedom and the fact that determinism, which they considered undesirable, was a necessary corollary of positivism. Still, their attitude toward the ideas they adopted was seldom critical. They saw the defects of positivism, but too often they still accepted uncritically the solutions they borrowed from Nitropress (Nitroprusside Sodium)- Multum European philosophers to fight it.

Although the founders and some of their immediate successors had attained some emancipation in the philosophical enterprise, full maturity remained elusive. Still, the sophistication of some thinkers, such as Korn, was considerable and planted the critical seeds that germinated in the following period. It is not until the generation born around 1910 reached maturity in the 1940s that a self-critical spirit clearly entered Y and W-135) Oligosaccharide Diphtheria CRM197)- FDA American philosophy.

A state of normalcy became established in most countries of Latin America, and what might be called Latin-Americanism grew significantly. The limitations on originality characteristic of previous generations were in part the result of the lack of self-criticism and the practical difficulties involved in pursuing a philosophical career in Latin America. There were exceptions, of course. Romero, for example, in his Theory of Man (1952), developed an original philosophical anthropology.

This group was the first generation of Latin American philosophers to benefit from formal education in philosophy. Previous philosophers had been mostly self-taught, typically trained in another profession, but taking up philosophy out of personal interest. The structural changes in the academy introduced by the Founders and the generation that followed made it possible for an entire generation to be trained by philosophers at the university.

Another important general feature of this period of Latin American philosophy was that the incipient Latin-Americanism of the previous generation developed and flourished. This change became evident with the philosophers born around 1910 and those who followed them.

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