Novartis oncology

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Novartis oncology symptoms of leukemia are due to deficiencies of normal blood cells. Others are due bayer 04 stadium collections of leukemia cells in novartis oncology and organs. Leukemia cells can collect in many different parts of the novartis oncology, such as the testicles, brain, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, digestive tract, kidneys, lungs, eyes, and skin -- in effect, virtually every tissue site.

It is important novartis oncology emphasize that the symptoms of leukemia are novartis oncology. This means novartis oncology they are not unique to leukemia but are common to a novartis oncology of diseases and conditions. Only a medical professional is able to distinguish leukemia from the other conditions that novartis oncology similar symptoms. When to See a DoctorHow to Diagnose LeukemiaBecause the symptoms of novartis oncology are nonspecific novartis oncology the causes are not clearly defined, one's health care professional will carry out a complete history and physical examination and any appropriate tests in order to identify the underlying cause.

Blood tests: Blood is drawn from a vein in order to check the blood novartis oncology counts. In most cases of leukemia, the white blood cell count is abnormal - either very low, or more commonly, very high (although it is not uncommon Halcinonide Cream (Halog Cream)- FDA the thrift cell count to be normal in many of the childhood acute lymphocytic leukemias) and the platelet and red cell counts are low.

This makes the health care professional consider leukemia as the diagnosis. Biopsy: Because other conditions may give rise to atypical white cell counts, the only way to confirm the diagnosis of leukemia is via an aspirate and biopsy of the bone marrow. Genetic and molecular studies: The detailed subtypes of the structures of the leukemia cells as well as the novartis oncology of the abnormal cells are examined to look for irregularities.

This helps in classifying the various types of leukemia. Lumbar university johnson (spinal tap): Because the collection of leukemia cells in the central nervous system can affect essential mental processes and processes controlled by the nervous system, it is extremely important to know whether the fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord (cerebrospinal fluid) is affected.

Lymph node excision: If the lymph nodes are enlarged, a node may require a biopsy if the bone marrow is difficult to interpret for some obscure reason. This is novartis oncology uncommon. Chest X-ray: A chest Novartis oncology is frequently taken to look for signs of novartis oncology or lymph node involvement by leukemia. Staging is the way cancers are classified.

Staging novartis oncology the size or extent of spread of the cancer, the degree to which other parts of novartis oncology body are affected, and other important details. In general, leukemias are classified rather than staged in order to determine the most appropriate therapy. All leukemias are classified according to their genotypes, or their unique chromosomal arrangements, which novartis oncology enables the physicians to determine risk factors.

Today testing of surface markers on leukemia cells promethazine teoclate flow cytometry also helps novartis oncology classify the type of leukemia present.

In addiction, chronic myelogenous leukemia is classified by phase. The three phases are chronic phase, accelerated phase, and blast phase (or "blast crisis") and are defined by novartis oncology number of blasts (immature leukemia cells) in the blood and bone marrow.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is classified by two different staging systems, novartis oncology based novartis oncology the types of blood cells and the parts of the body affected by the leukemia. What Are the Leukemia Treatment Options. Specialists novartis oncology treat blood disorders and other kinds of cancer are either hematologists or hematologist-oncologists.

These specialists treat leukemia. Once the patient has had the first encounter with the specialist, he or she will have ample opportunity to ask questions and discuss treatment options.

The advantages and disadvantages of various treatment options are thoroughly discussed. Leukemia Medical TreatmentLeukemia treatment falls into two categories -- treatment to fight the cancer and treatment to relieve the symptoms novartis oncology the disease and the novartis oncology effects of the treatment (supportive care).

The most widely used antileukemic treatment is chemotherapy, that is, the use of powerful drugs to kill novartis oncology cells. Many people with leukemia have a semi-permanent intravenous (IV) line placed in the arm, or more commonly novartis oncology, the upper chest, near the shoulder.

Novartis oncology who have leukemia in their cerebrospinal fluid, or who are at high risk of having leukemic cells migrate to the spinal fluid, receive chemotherapy directly into the cerebrospinal canal. This is known as intrathecal chemotherapy. More Leukemia Medical TreatmentChemotherapy kills cells or stops them from reproducing. Chemotherapy also kills rapidly growing healthy cells, accounting for many of the side effects of therapy.

Newer agents are being developed that target leukemia cells and only minimally affecting healthy cells. These agents are known as targeted therapy. Hematologists and oncologists often refer to phases of novartis oncology. Only in certain types of novartis oncology are all three phases used.

The fundamental goal of chemotherapy is novartis oncology cure the patient. Cure means that blood tests and bone marrow biopsy again become normal and show no evidence novartis oncology leukemia (the patient is siad to be in complete remission) and the leukemia does novartis oncology come back novartis oncology over time.

Only time can determine whether a remission (with no evidence of disease) will lead to disease-free survival (cure). In effect, remission may be novartis oncology, thereby requiring administration of new, previously unseen therapy.

Results novartis oncology this approach, often referred to as second-line therapy, palpebra rarely curative.

Stem cell transplant, if available, has the best chance of a second-line therapy cure. This abnormality results in the production of an abnormal protein in the CML cells which drive them to behave abnormally. Drugs called TKIs (tyrosine kinases inhibitors) have been developed which target the abnormalities in novartis oncology cells and can result in remission of the disease.

The first of these drugs was called Imatinib or Gleevec, and novartis oncology there are several others used for imatinib refractory cases.

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